The invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) has well-known negative effects on recruitment and abundance of native fish populations in the Caribbean (Albins 2012, Albins and Hixon 2008, Green et al. 2012, Johnston and Purkis 2011).
Potential native predators seem to largely avoid consuming lionfish independently and so Caribbean lionfish populations increased 13 to 15 fold relative to those in its native range (Darling et al. 2011, Kulbicki et al. 2011, Mumby et al. 2011).
Consequently, concerns exist about potential irreversible declines of Caribbean fish populations due to predation of the invasive lionfish.
Read more: Overfishing Works (PDF)