IAS in the Caribbean

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Plasmodium relictum is one of more than 40 species of Plasmodium that can infect birds and cause avian malaria (Valkiunas, 2005). This disease has many similarities to human malaria and these organisms were important early experimental models for studies of the human plasmodia. P. relictum has caused acute, pathogenic infections in captive wild birds in […]

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The avian poxviruses (genus Avipoxvirus) constitute a group of viruses in the subfamily Chordopoxvirinae, family Poxviridae (ICTV, 2009). Depending on the authority, there are as many as 13 recognized, more or less host specific, species. The archetype, and best studied species, is fowlpox virus (Tripathy, 1993). Avian pox was one of the earliest described diseases […]

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Fire blight is a serious disease of plants in the subfamily Maloideae, especially apple, pear, quince and loquat. Epidemics, although sporadic, are often devastating depending on the occurrence of favourable climatic conditions, the amount of initial inoculum and virulence of the pathogen, and the susceptibility of the host species. Therefore, in any given site where […]

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Frosty pod rot, also called Monilia, is an invasive disease affecting cocoa caused by the fungus Moniliophthora roreri. Until the 1950s, frosty pod rot was confined to the North-western South America (Colombia, Ecuador, Western Venezuela) and was not of widespread interest to other cocoa-producing countries. Its appearance in Panama in 1956 and Costa Rica in […]

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The giant African snail (Achatina fulica) is a tropical species native to East Africa. Typically about 1 cm tall, it can grow as large as 20 cm and weigh as much as a kilogram. They are hermaphrodite – having both male and female sex organs – and away from their natural enemies, after a single […]

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The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is currently participating in this UNEP IAS initiative aimed at better understanding the impacts of invasive species on island biodiversities and economies. The project aims to support the conservation of biodiversity in the Caribbean region and simultaneously contribute to global efforts to safeguard biodiversity. Data shows that IAS are […]

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The Asian green mussel (Perna viridis), also known as the Philippine green mussel, is a bivalve belonging to the family Mytilidae. The mussel is economically important in several countries where it is harvested for food; however it is known to harbor toxins, which are hazardous to human health and cause damage to submerged structures such […]

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The lionfish (Pterois volitans) are coral reef fishes from the tropical waters of the South Pacific and Indian Oceans. Now found in the western Atlantic Ocean, the most probable explanation for their arrival is via the aquarium trade. The lionfish is a nocturnal species and moves to deeper waters at night to forage. The species […]

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The lionfish is a native of the Indo-Pacific region and the Red Sea and is popular in aquariums. The most accepted theory of their introduction into the Atlantic is from intentional and unintentional release from Aquariums and hobbyists in Florida and North Carolina. Released fish reproduced rapidly, spreading south to Florida then to The Bahamas.

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The Invasive Green Iguana (Iguana iguana) is Threatening the Endangered Lesser Antillean Iguana (Iguana delicatissima): Brief Report of the Situation in the French West Indies The Lesser Antillean Iguana (LAI) (Iguana delicatissima, Photo 1) is listed as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species (IUCN, 2010). This iguana species originating from the northern […]

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